Many people are uncertain about the purpose of an adverb. As a result, grammatical mistakes get made. In fact, adjective and adverb errors are so common, you may come across them every day and not even be aware that you are hearing or reading one.
An adverb is a word that describes - or modifies, as grammarians put it - a verb, an adjective or another adverb.
It is easy to see how adverbs describe, or modify, verbs, since they simply explain most about the action. For example:
Adverbs can also describe adjectives or other adverbs. They provide more information about that other descriptive word. For example:
You can tell whether or not a word is an adverb by considering its function in the sentence. If it is describing one of those three parts of speech- a verb, adjective or other adverb- it is an adverb.
You can often tell whether something is an adverb by looking at the ending of the word. A lot of adverbs - not all, but a lot - end in “ly.” For example, happily, quickly, speedily, steadily, foolishly, and angrily are all adverbs. So, if you said:
You can tell that happily is an adverb because it is describing the verb runs and because it ends in ly.
Many high-frequency words are adverbs as well. For example, very, much, more and many can all be adverbs.
People often mistakenly use adjectives when they should use an adverb and vice versa. For example, a sentence that reads:
Is incorrect, because bad is modifying or describing behaved, which is a verb. It should read
On the other hand, if you said:
That would be correct, because in this case, the word bad is an adjective describing the noun behavior.
Confusing adverbs and adjectives is a common error with the words good and well.
To practice what you've learned here, identify the adverb in each of the following sentences.
For more practice you can use YourDictionary's adverb flashcards, complete with definitions, to learn new adverb vocabulary words.
Now that you know what the definition of an adverb is and how to identify one in a sentence, you will be able to avoid making adjective/adverb mistakes. You can properly describe all of your actions from here on out. Now, go and happily brag to your friends about your new knowledge.