So you’ve been learning about the different types of conjunctions and you need a few conjunction exercises to help cement your learning? Then you’ve come to the right place. Coordinating, subordinating and correlative conjunctions are all used to link phrases and clauses in a sentence. They’re necessary to create complex sentences, compound sentences, or to join multiple ideas or actions together.
In truth, conjunctions increase our ability to string words and phrases together and produce more meaning and complexity in our writing. After a quick review of the three types of conjunctions, you can try our conjunction exercises to bring it all together.
In English, conjunctions are classified as coordinating conjunctions, subordinating conjunctions or correlative conjunctions. Using the right conjunction is essential to making your meaning clear.
Coordinating conjunctions join words or ideas together. For example, if you stated you like chicken and fish, “and” is acting as a coordinating conjunction. It joins the two nouns in question together: chicken and fish. There are seven coordinating conjunctions in English:
These seven coordinating conjunctions can be remembered by using the acronym FANBOYS.
Subordinating conjunctions join independent and dependent clauses together. The subordinating conjunction indicates the relationship between the clauses, such as time place cause, or effect. It also shows that the less important idea in the sentence is introduced by the dependent, or subordinate, clause.
Common subordinating conjunctions include:
Correlative conjunctions link sentence elements that go together. They always come in pairs, including:
Using correlative conjunctions, here’s another example of conjunctions at work: I like not only chicken, but also fish.”
Conjunction exercises can you help you to learn how conjunctions are used. Let’s roll up our sleeves and test your knowledge. The answers to each question are explained below:
1. I like chicken ____ not fish.
A. and B. since C. but D. for E. or
2. ____ it rains on Sunday, I will not be able to drive.
A. After B. When C. Either D. If E. Yet
3. I like both dogs ______ cats.
A. also B. but C. and D. if E. until
4. The items are on sale in the local store _____ not online.
A. but B. and C. although D. or E. while
5. Neither my mother _____ my father will be able to attend the party on Sunday.
A. or B. not C. and D. nor E. also
6. Carrie didn’t know whether her bike would be fixed _____ if she would have to walk.
A. but B. and C. nor D. or E. either
7. Luke was late to the party ______ his car broke down on the highway.
A. if B. because C. while D. although E. where
1. (C) I like chicken but not fish.
This sentence is drawing a contrast. “But” is the correct coordinating conjunction to join these two nouns together.
2. (D) If it rains on Sunday, I will not be able to drive.
The subordinating conjunction is used to introduce the dependent clause “it rains on Sunday.” The rain is a conditional situation that will cause the lack of ability to drive.
3. (C) I like both dogs and cats.
“Both” is a correlative conjunction and must be accompanied by “and.”
4. (A) The items are on sale in the local store but not online.
Again, a contrast is being drawn here, so the coordinating conjunction “but” is appropriate to explain the relationship between the nouns.
5. (D) Neither my mother nor my father will be able to attend the party on Sunday.
“Nor” is a correlative conjunction to be used with “neither.”
6. (D) Carrie didn’t know whether her bike would be fixed or if she would have to walk.
The situation described here is one in which one thing or the other will happen. The coordinating conjunction “or” must be used.
7. (B) Luke was late to the party because his car broke down on the highway.
The tardiness was caused by the breakdown of Luke’s car. Therefore, the subordinating conjunction “because” is used to explain the relationship between the two clauses.