Looking for an explanation for conjunctions and a few conjuction exercises? Conjunctions are words used to link phrases and clauses. They are necessary to create compound sentences, or to join multiple ideas together. In English, conjunctions are classified as either coordinating conjunctions, subordinating conjunctions or correlative conjunctions. Using the right conjunction is essential to making your meaning clear and to making yourself understood.
Coordinating conjunctions join words or ideas together, but not full phrases or sentence. For example, if you stated that you like chicken AND fish, and acts as a coordinating conjunction. It joins the two nouns in question: chicken and fish.There are six coordinating conjunctions in English:
These six coordinating conjunctions can be remembered by using the acronym FANBOY.
Subordinating Conjunctions join an independent and a dependent clause. The subordinating conjunction indicates the relationship between the clauses, and usually introduces the dependent clause. Common subordinating conjunctions include since, because, thus, before, how, if, since, than, that, though, until, thus, whether, while and when and so. And and but can also act as subordinating conjunctions.
A subordinating conjunction can make an otherwise independent clause into a dependent clause. For example, look at these two sentences: I like fish. I will eat some. These two sentences can be joined together with a subordinating conjunction: I like fish SO I will eat some.
Correlative conjunctions link sentence elements that go together. They always come in pairs. For example, either and or; neither and nor; not only and but also; and whether and or are correlative conjunctions. Using correlative conjunctions, it would be possible to say I like not only chicken, but also fish.
Conjunction exercises can you help you to learn how conjunctions are used. Conjunction exercises can take several forms: they can test your ability to use conjunctions, or they can test your understanding of how correlative conjunctions work together.
The following seven questions are sample conjunction exercises. The answers are below:
1. I like chicken ____ not fish.
A. And B. Since C. But D. For E. Or
2. ____ it rains on Sunday, I will not be able to drive.
A. And B. Where C. Either D. If E. How
3. I like both dogs ______ cats.
A. Also B. But C. And D. If E. Until
4. The items are on sale in the local store _____ not online.
A. But B. And C. Though D. Or E. Nor
5. Neither my mother _____ my father will be able to attend the party on Sunday.
A. Or B. But not C. And D. Nor E. But also
6. Carrie didn’t know whether her bike would be fixed _____ if she would have to walk.
A. But B. And C. Nor D. Or E. Either (D) Carrie didn’t know whether her bike would be fixed or if she would have to walk. The situation described here is one in which one thing or the other will happen. The coordinating conjunction or must be used.
7. Luke was late to the party ______ his car broke down on the highway.
A. If B. Because C. While D. Although E. Where
1. (C) I like chicken but not fish. The sentence here is drawing a contrast. But is the correct coordinating conjunction to join these two nouns.
2. (D) If it rains on Sunday, I will not be able to drive. The subordinating conjunction should be used to introduce the dependent clause “rains on Sunday.” The rain is a conditional situation that will cause the lack of ability to drive.
3. (C) I like both dogs and cats. Both is a correlative conjunction and must be accompanied by “and.”
4. (B) The items are on sale in the local store but not online. Again, a contrast is being drawn here (just as in question #1) so the coordinating conjunction “but” is appropriate to explain the relationship between the nouns.
5. (D) Neither my mother nor my father will be able to attend the party on Sunday. Nor is a correlative conjunction with neither.
6. (D) Neither my mother nor my father will be able to attend the party on Sunday. Nor is a correlative conjunction with neither.
7. (B) Luke was late to the party because his car broke down on the highway. The tardiness was caused by the breakdown of the car. The subordinating conjunction must be used to explain the relationship between the clauses.