English has so many irregular verbs that you begin to wonder if there are any regular ones. Don’t worry. There are still plenty of verbs whose past tense and past participle forms end in a simple -ed. But, in the image to the right you’ll find an alphabetical list of irregular verbs – those whose past and past participle forms do not end in -ed.
Obviously, you’re going to find irregular verbs on an irregular verb list, but usually there are three columns on an irregular verb list. The first column is the base form of the verb. The base form is the verb in its purest form – not present, past or continuous, not even infinitive (no “to” preceding it). It’s just the verb, plain and simple.
The second column is usually the verb in its past tense form. This is the form you use when you talk about something that happened in the past – just one event, not relative to any other event. For example, in the following sentence, we see the verb “eat” in its past simple form:
We also often use the past participle as an adjective:
The above list is no different. On it, the first verb you’ll see is the base form of the verb. In the middle is the past tense form, and the third form is the past participle.
It may look like a lot, but that’s not even all of them. It is, however, the vast majority of the more common irregular verbs used in American English, so just concentrate on learning this list, and you’ll be fine.