The five main parts of a sentence are:
For example, "Kelly walked down the street." Kelly is the subject, because she is the actor, or subject, in the sentence.
There are a few different types of subjects. A simple subject is just one word, without any modifiers, usually a noun or pronoun. A complete subject is the simple subject plus all modifiers. A compound subject is made up of more than one subject element. In the examples below, the underlined words are the subject.
Let us return to our example "Kelly walked down the street." In this sentence, "walked" is the predicate because it is the verb that tells us what Kelly is doing. A sentence can have just a subject and a predicate. You could just say "Kelly walked" and you have a complete sentence.
Here are the types of predicates: A simple predicate is just a verb, verb string, or compound verb. A complete predicate consists of the verb plus modifiers and other words that complete the verbs meaning. A compound predicate has two or more simple predicates connected.
A clause is usually some sort of additional information to the sentence. We could say "They like ice cream." However, we could also say "They like ice cream on hot days." "They like ice cream" can stand by itself, but "on hot days" adds something extra to the sentence. Therefore, "on hot days" is a clause.
There are two different types of clauses:
A phrase is sort of like a dependent clause. It is a group of words that cannot stand alone as a sentence, but it can be used to add something to a sentence. There are a few different types of phrases:
As you can see from above, there are many different types of ways to add additional information to a sentence. All of these examples are known under the general category of modifiers.