Are you a stickler for great grammar and do you need some interactive adverb lesson plans to help your children (or your students) learn about adverbs? Adverbs are one of the most important parts of speech, yet some children don't even know what they are. You can change this with some easy, and fun adverb lesson plans!
Defining An Adverb
An adverb is an article of speech that modifies other adverbs, verbs, adjectives, clauses, or sentences. When an adverb is used in a sentence, it will answer one of the following questions:
- In what way?
- How often?
- How much?
- In what condition?
- To what degree?
Although you can recognize some adverbs by their "ly" endings, there are many, many adverbs that do not require an "ly" ending. For example, consider the following sentence: I went to the store today. In this sentence, the word "today" is an adverb.
It's helpful to consider categories of adverbs to get a better understanding of them. For example:
- Adverbs of time answer the question of when, and include such adverbs as early, never, and tomorrow to name a few.
- Adverbs of location answer the question of where, and include such adverbs as upstairs, outside, up, and above to name a few.
- Adverbs of manner answer the question of how, and include such adverbs as happily, angrily, quickly, and fast for example.
- Adverbs of frequency answer the question of how often, and include such adverbs as rarely, always, sometimes, and occasionally.
- Adverbs of degree answer the question of how much, and include such adverbs as completely, almost, little, very, and too for example.
Adverb Category Lesson Plan #1
Now that you have reviewed the basics about adverbs, you might want to create some adverb lesson plans so you can pass this knowledge onto your children, or your students.
- Explain what adverbs are
- Provide some examples of adverbs
- Provide a sentence that include adverbs
When you give examples of sentences with adverbs, ask the children to identify the adverbs in the sentences. Correct any mistakes that they make, and answer any questions that they may have.
Activity: Writing Adverbs in Sentences
Pass out pieces of paper, and ask your students or children to write a sentence that contains an adverb for each one of the "adverb categories" that are stated above. For example, the children should write one sentence for "adverbs of frequency," one sentence for "adverbs of time," etc.
At the end, collect the papers, mark any corrections and clarify any misunderstandings that the children might have.
Adverb Category Lesson Plan #2
Another way to teach adverbs is to jump right into it.
- Begin by writing two sentences on the board that contain an adverb, such as "Tommy ran swiftly" and "Today, we went to the store."
- Circle the words, "swiftly" and "today" and ask if your students (or your child) knows what the similarity between the two words is. If no one knows the correct answer, explain that they are both adverbs.
- Explain what an adverb is, and some tricks for how to recognize adverbs (such as if the word answers the questions of when, where, how much, etc).
- Ask the children to give some examples of sentences with adverbs. Write the categories of how, when, where, how much, and how often on the board. Each time that the child gives an example, place it into one of the categories. If one category becomes too full, encourage the children to fill up the other categories.
- Once you have at least ten adverbs under each category, break the children up into groups.
- Assign each group a category, and encourage the children to come up with a list of ten additional adverbs for that category. If you're only working with one child, have them come up with two additional adverbs for each category.