Irregular verbs are an interesting branch of the English tree. Just when you got the hang of past and present participles, irregular verbs enter the scene. These verbs don't follow the simple rules of conjugation, such as turning walk into walked.
Irregular verbs simply need to be reviewed and memorized. The more you practice them, the more you'll recognize them and use them properly. In the irregular verb list below, you'll find an alphabetical list of verbs whose present and past participle forms do not end in -ed.
Usually, there are three columns on an irregular verb list. The first column contains the base form of the verb. The base form is the verb in its purest form - not present, past or continuous, not even infinitive (no "to" preceding it). It's just the verb, plain and simple.
The second column usually contains the verb in its past tense form. This is the form you use when you talk about something that happened in the past - just one event, not relative to any other event. For example, in the following sentence, we see the verb "eat" in its past simple form:
I ate a 5-foot-long hot dog.
We have been to Rome several times.
I've gotten sick every winter since I was a kid.
He had never flown in an airplane before his trip to Guatemala.
We can also use the past participle as an adjective:
I've broken my arm 4 times. (verb)
The stereo is broken. (adjective)
It may look like a lot but, again, it's something that can easily be mastered with a little time and practice. The irregular verb list below contains common irregular verbs used in American English. So, if you concentrate on learning this list, you'll be A-Okay.
And, once you're familiar with the list below, feel free to take on any of these Verb Games. If you've mastered irregular verbs, then you've well on your way to total English mastery.