You’ve likely come across the words explicit and implicit, but these terms are easy to confuse if you aren’t familiar with their meanings or the context they are used in. Explore the meanings and differences between explicit and implicit along with information on when to use them.
While explicit and implicit look similar at first glance, they are in fact opposites.
explicit - clear with no room for argument; extremely detailed
implicit - implied, but not stated clearly
Explicit is an adjective that means something is specifically expressed. If something is explicit, it is clear and without question. The word comes from the Latin explicare, which means "unfold, unravel or explain." It can also mean something is fully developed or something that is graphically detailed or vulgar.
My explicit instructions were to open the garage, then pull the car out. (specific and blatant)
I wouldn’t do anything without her explicit consent. (clear and without question)
The book’s content was very explicit. (graphic and vulgar)
Implicit is an adjective that means "to imply or suggest something." Even if something is not clearly expressed, the implied meaning is clear. It can also mean closely connected to or engrained in something or having confidence in someone or something.
Maybe my instructions to “move the car” were too implicit. (implied or understood to be true)
She had implicit trust in her co-workers. (complete faith in)
He showed implicit obedience towards his superiors. (he shows it in his actions)
The company’s implicit values were evident. (the values are ingrained in the company culture)
Use these words that begin with the same prefixes as reminders, so you will always remember the meanings of implicit and explicit.
implicit is implied
explicit refers to something that is explained thoroughly