When you hint at something, are you inferring or implying? It may seem like you can use these similar words interchangeably, but they have quite different meanings. In fact, they describe two completely different situations.
Infer and imply are verbs that show opposite actions. The difference between them is in their definitions:
infer - to make an educated guess
imply - to hint
When one person implies something, the second person can infer their meaning. For example, if you say "I'm in the mood for pizza," you're implying that pizza would be a great meal. Someone can then infer that you'd like pizza for dinner.
When deciding which word to use, you might not always have time to stop and think through the definitions. Don't just guess and hope that you are correct! Instead, use these simple memory tips to help you quickly choose the correct term.
- Infer starts with "in." Making an inference is something you do inside your own mind.
- Imply begins with "im." Think of it like this: When I'm talking that's when I can imply something.
The word infer means to make an educated guess or to draw a conclusion from available information. You infer (also known as making inferences) all the time based on clues from your environment. You can substitute the word guess for infer to make sure you're using it correctly.
So how do you use infer in everyday writing or conversation? Examples of properly using infer in a sentence include:
- What can you infer from the results of the experiment?
- Since you haven't texted me back, I'm inferring that you're mad.
- I inferred that Theresa was the photographer since she wasn't in the pictures.
- The doctor looked worried, so we started to infer that the news was bad.
- Oliver saw the broken window and inferred that the kids had been playing baseball.
Have you ever made a point without actually stating how you feel? That's how you imply your position — by hinting at your meaning without using direct words. When you imply, you allow others to make inferences about how you feel. Exchange the word hint for imply to ensure that you're using the right word.
- I tried to imply that Jamie had spinach in her teeth by pointing at my mouth.
- You're implying that my workstation is messy when you stack my papers.
- Sarah implied that Bill should act quickly if he wants to be considered for the job.
- "I'm pretty busy this weekend," I said, implying that I didn't want to get together.
- What are you trying to imply when you make that face?
Imply and infer are just similar and dissimilar enough that it can be tough to tell them apart. Take the time to learn how to tell the difference between some other similar-sounding words, such as evoke and invoke. The more you learn about differentiating words that are easily confused, the stronger your vocabulary will become.