If you want to clean up your writing, poring over grammar articles is a good start. But wait — shouldn't that say "pouring over"? Both words are correct in different contexts, but only one means "to look over intently."
Pore and pour are homophones because they sound the same, even if they're spelled differently. Both words can be used as nouns, but it's their verb forms that really confuse people.
- pore (verb) - to look over intently
- pour (verb) - to send flowing
If you've never used pore as a verb before, surprise! That's the right word to use when discussing deep concentration.
The most common misunderstanding between pore and pour is the phrase pore over ("I pored over my textbooks.") It looks incorrect to many readers because they know pore is a noun, and they can visualize pour more easily, such as figuratively pouring knowledge over something. However, pour only relates to sending liquid or crowds flowing; pore's verb definition describes close attention to detail.
Have you ever been so absorbed in a book that you couldn't lift your eyes, even for a moment? Or maybe when finding a small detail within a dense document, you had to comb through every sentence? That's what pore means as a verb: "paying close attention or reading something intently."
Examples of pore in a sentence include:
- We'll pore through the legal documents and try to find a loophole somewhere.
- Professor Yang's students pore over every reading assignment in case he gives a pop quiz in class.
- I pored on the argument for several hours after Charlie left.
- The teenagers pored over the online article about their favorite celebrity.
- Nicole pores over every text her crush sends her, hoping to find a hidden meaning hidden in the words.
If the above sentences look odd to you, you may be used to using pore as a noun. In an anatomical context, pore means "a small opening" and can relate to anything porous, including pores in your skin or pores in a sponge. For example:
- Clogged pores in your face could result in pimples.
- Sandstone has tiny pores, allowing it to hold water quite effectively.
- Sea stars can draw water into the many pores on their bony sieve plate.
Don't pour over your favorite book — it might get wet! The verb pour relates to sending something flowing, whether it's liquid ("pouring coffee") or a crowd ("we poured into the theater"). It's more common than pore, but it only relates to this specific definition.
Examples of pour in a sentence include:
- Please pour some lemonade for our guests.
- Grab your umbrella — it's pouring outside!
- The entire class poured out of the lecture hall once the bell rang.
- Athletes often pour sports drinks over their coaches' heads after the team wins.
- The small waterfall pours into a freshwater lake at the base of the mountain.
A less common (but still proper) use of pour is as a noun. This usage often refers to pouring wine, but can also relate to heavy rain (a downpour). For example:
- In a restaurant, a standard wine pour is five ounces.
- We like going to this bar because they have a generous pour.
- Don't get caught in the downpour on the way home!
One more word in this set of homophones is poor, meaning "without money" or "in grave condition." It sounds the same as pore and pour, but is not often mistaken for these two because it has no verb form. You can use poor as an adjective ("The poor family asked for help") and as a noun ("Please donate money to help the poor.")
Are you more of a visual person? If so, knowing the definition of pore vs. pour may not be the most intuitive method for you. Try imagining yourself soaking in the knowledge from your book or document, just like a sponge in a sink of water. You're so absorbed in the knowledge that it's soaking into your pores. And there it is — you've found pore instead of pour!
Mixing up similar-sounding words such as pore and pour is very common and easy to do. But that doesn't mean your writing has to be incorrect! If you're interested in improving your writing and word choice, check out: