CCVC Word Lists

CCVC stands for Consonant Consonant Vowel Consonant. This is a spelling pattern that many English words use. CCVC word lists help with the acquisition of English language skills.

Samples of CCVC Words

The following is a partial list of CCVC words to provide a sampling of what words fall under this classification.

  • flag

  • skip

  • tram

  • frog

  • plum

  • drop

  • step

  • drag

  • brag

  • plan

  • glad

  • slam

  • slab

  • crab

  • glad

  • fled

  • sled

  • grab

  • scab

  • bled

  • swim

  • slip

  • drip

  • spit

  • grim

  • slim

  • slam

  • trim

  • skid

  • slid

  • drop

  • plop

  • stop

  • crop

  • clog

  • drum


The English language is alphabetic and contains too many words to be memorized as a means of understanding the language. This is where a concept known as phonological recoding comes into play. This concept uses systematic relationships between letters and letter sound correspondence (phonemes) to pronounce letter strings (words) or to spell words.

The simplest words are learned early in life and are called regular words. Regular words are those words in which all the letters in a word represent their most common sounds. The second most difficult group of regular words are known as CCVC (consonant consonant vowel consonant) words. The difficulty for early language developers is due to the words beginning with a consonant blend as opposed to a single consonant or vowel sound.

CCVC Difficulties

One reason that CCVC words are considered among the most difficult regular words is the consonant blend at the beginning. As beginning readers and spellers tend to sound out individual sounds they associate with each letter, the learner will initially have difficulty in creating a blended sound to produce the correct sound combination that matches the word.

Taking the word frog for example, a beginning reader will sound the letters out loud one at a time; the phonetic equivalent to frog in that order would be /ef/ /ar/ /oh/ /gee/. A possible initial pronunciation could be phonetically described as /ef/ /rog/. The early reader has already achieved a basic mastery of CVC (consonant vowel consonant) words so it is initially easier to process frog as the initial consonant sound followed by a CVC construction (rog) that makes sense to them.

Also Known as Phonics

These word classifications may be relatively new in terms of educational research but the teaching of basic words and word blends has been around for a long time and is popularly known as phonics. Beginning at the kindergarten level, students are started on the simplest of word sounds, individual sounds corresponding to letters and then progressed to more complicated combinations.

The earlier mastery of CVC words such as mat, bat and rug prepare the phonetic learner for blended sounds. Early learners will often be exposed to sound drills of just the CC blends in rote exercises such as flashcards or games.

Common CC blends

  • /sh/

  • /fl/

  • /gl/

  • /sk/

  • /st/

As the early learner progresses in mastering these blends, they are then introduced into the CCVC words themselves.

Language Evaluations

Regular evaluation of basic phonic mastery and spelling is a key component to determining normal childhood language development. Failure to achieve a basic mastery of phonetics can indicate learning disabilities or neurological factors that must be investigated and evaluated as soon as possible.

An effective phonics lesson must have a clear purpose, an explanation by the teacher of the lesson in an exciting way to engage the young learner and then the lesson itself, guided by the teacher. Every lesson should incorporate some type of evaluation even it is a very simple one. Formal evaluations in a one on one setting will be conducted at regular intervals to determine mastery and progress; with remedial programs developed and instituted as necessary.

Early language development by phonetics (phonological recoding) is the principal means in many education systems. It is certainly not a one size fits all approach and there are other systems and approaches that can, and often are blended into the phonics lessons. Phonics remain a staple of early spelling and word recognition and CCVC words can present early challenges to young learners.

A graduated approach to these more complicated regular words by building on the consonant combinations and then teaching the incorporation of the blends into whole words is the best approach.

A Frog As CCVC Word ListsA Frog As CCVC Word Lists

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