Nature Words Vocabulary List

By , Staff Writer
Arctic mountains in ocean
    Arctic mountains in ocean
    SeppFriedhuber / E+ / Getty Images

From over your head to under your feet, nature is all around you. Therefore, it makes sense that there are a lot of nature words out there. Check out this list of nature words to add to your vocabulary.

Words to Describe Types of Nature

Looking for words to describe the nature around you? From the meadow to the desert find words to describe different types of natural settings. Learn several vocabulary words you might use to describe nature.

  • arctic - polar region
  • beach - where water and land meet
  • cave - natural or unnatural chamber underground
  • cliff - rocky edge at the sea or ocean
  • coast - edge of land near sea or ocean
  • countryside - rural land and scenery
  • desert - dry, arid area with little vegetation
  • environment - the area around you like plants, animals, and people
  • field - an open area of land
  • forest - area with lush trees and vegetation
  • hill - an area of land that is slightly raised
  • island - an area of land that is surrounded by water
  • lake - water body surrounded by land
  • land - the Earth’s surface that does not have water on it
  • meadow - a grassy area, typically near a river
  • mountain - a large raised area in the surface of the Earth
  • ocean - vast expansion of saltwater divided into five sections
  • rainforest - a forest that gets high levels of rain
  • river - very long natural stream of water that goes into the sea
  • sea - the saltwater that covers most of the surface of the Earth
  • valley - an area of low land between mountains or hills
  • volcano - mountain or hill with a crater that erupts lava and hot vapor
  • wild - area that is uninhabited

Words to Describe Things in Nature

Beyond just nature itself, you’ll also find nature words to describe those things living in nature. These might include the soil, grass, or insects singing at night. Dive into more words to describe things that live in nature.

  • animal - living organisms which eat organic matter
  • bird - egg-laying vertebrate with feathers, beak, and wings
  • branch - part of the tree that grows from trunk
  • bush - a clump of shrubs
  • fish - cold-blooded vertebrate with gills
  • flower - part of the plant bearing seeds
  • fungus - a spore-producing group of organisms which feeds on organic matter
  • grass - short plants that grow in yards and pastures
  • insects - small invertebrate animal with over six legs and wings
  • leaf - flattened structure of the plant and where photosynthesis happens
  • moss - flowerless plants without roots that grow in carpets
  • mud - soil that is saturated with water
  • path - area with little vegetation that is good to walk on
  • plants - living organisms that use photosynthesis like trees and flowers
  • pond - a small area of water surrounded by land that forms in an embankment
  • rock - solid minerals that form Earth’s surface
  • sand - loose material that covers some beaches and deserts
  • scenery - natural features of any landscape like trees and flowers
  • shrubs - short, woody plants
  • soil - the outermost layer of the Earth where plants grow
  • trees - woody plants that typically have only one trunk
  • waterfall - a stream of water that falls from a higher area to a lower one
  • wave - body of water which curves as it breaks the shore
  • wildlife - collective word for animals in the wild

Words for Elements of Nature

Now, it’s time to enjoy the different elements of nature. You’d be surprised by how many natural elements you have around you.

  • autumn - season between summer and winter
  • clouds - visible condensed water vapor in the sky
  • Earth - planet you live on
  • flood - when an area is unnaturally submerged in water
  • ice - frozen water
  • moon - the natural satellite that orbits Earth
  • planet - celestial body with its own motion
  • rain - precipitation that falls from sky in droplets
  • season - the four divisions of the year
  • sky - outer atmosphere of the Earth
  • sleet - a mix of rain and ice
  • snow - frozen water that comes down in flakes
  • spring - the season between winter and summer
  • stars - balls of gas visible in the night sky
  • summer - the season between spring and autumn characterized by warmer weather
  • sun - the large star that heats our planet
  • sunshine - the rays of light and heat that come from the sun
  • temperature - the intensity of heat in the atmosphere or an object
  • winter - the season between autumn and spring characterized by colder weather

The Words of Nature

When it comes to nature vocabulary, there are a lot of different words out there that you can learn or teach others. From the words that describe nature to its natural elements, you can see them all. Want to have more fun with nature words? You might explore examples of onomatopoeia in nature! Learning more about creatures found in nature, like dragonfly facts, might also be fun for you.