Usually, when you see a chart with irregular verbs, it only contains the different forms of the singular irregular verbs. Sometimes, that's not enough information to really understand these verb forms because they don't follow all the grammar rules.
This single and plural irregular English verb chart and article together outline what makes a verb irregular, as well as how to change them from singular to plural. Let's get to it!
Singular Regular Verb: Mary bakes cookies.
Singular Irregular Verb: Mary makes cookies.
For plural nouns and pronouns:
Plural Regular Verb: They yell at the kids.
Plural Irregular Verb: They speak to the kids.
Sometimes, you add an -es, as in "catch" and "catches," "go" and "goes," "do" and "does," and "teach" and "teaches." Other times, you have to change a -y to an -i and then add an -es, like with "fly" and "flies."
The problem with irregular verbs is that they change form for the past tense and the past participle. Regular verbs follow a pattern, usually ending in -d or -ed. Not so with irregular verbs.
The singular and plural irregular English verb chart shown below has the singular form, the plural form, the past tense, and the past participle form. This is a great chart to print out for reference or to post in a classroom.
A verb is a word that denotes an action or a state of being (stative verb). It is a necessary component of an independent clause or sentence. Here are two examples:
Beth smiled at the boy. - Action verb = smiled
I was at home all day. - Stative verb = was
For regular verbs, it requires adding a -d, -ed, or -ied. Examples include:
fire = fired
talk = talked
hurry = hurried
For irregular verbs, unfortunately, you just have to learn the past tense as there is no pattern: catch becomes caught, make becomes made, spring becomes sprang.
3. What is a Past Participle?
There are two participle forms of verbs in English: the present participle and the past participle. Present participles are also called the active, progressive, and imperfect participle. It has the same form as a gerund.
Past participles refer to actions that have happened. For example:
The cookies were eaten.
I was given a present.
This form can also be used as an adjective, as in: "the glowing reviews" or "the written report."
4. What Makes a Verb Irregular?
Changing its form for the past tense makes a verb irregular. Irregular verbs completely change form instead of adding a letter or letters, as in sleep to slept, or choose to chose.
YourDictionary has an Irregular Verb Game to help you test your knowledge. The more you review these unique verb forms, the more you'll spot them in everyday language and the better-prepared you'll be to use them effectively. If, at any point, you start to get turned around, you can always review these Rules for Conjugating Verbs.